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Sengar’s: Tribe and their origin

Of the numerous clans of this great race, there are thirty-six which are termed Royal clans having directly descended from the ancient ruling princes of India. A list of these for the sake of convenience has been given in the appendix.[1] Amongst these royal clans the Sengars occupy a high position. They are considered practically the equals of Kachhwahas and intermarry with them. The Sengars claim descent from on Singi or Sringi Rishi, a celebrated holy man, “who married the daughter of a Gaharwar Raja of Kannauj. From one of his sons came the Gautams of Argal in Fatehpur, and to another, Padam, the Sengar trace their origin. The traditions of the clan then interposes a period extending over some 135 generations, during which the clan emigrated first to Cevlon, thence to Malwa, and finally settled at Kanar[2] in Jalaun, were was born about 1065 A.D. one Bisukh Deo, or Sukh Deo, the founder of the fortunes of the Sengar house.” He married Deo Kali, daughter of Jaichand, the last Rathaur Raja of Kanauj, and after his defeat by Shahabuddin Ghori in the year 1193 A.D. the power of the Sengar increased and the river Basindh was renamed Sengar in their honor.

There are one or two other traditions as regard the origin of this clan, but the one given above is mostly taken to be the correct one, as is also corroborated by the descriptions about the origin of this clan in Cooke’s Tribes and Casts of N.W.P, Census Report N.W.P, Manual of Titles of U.P., and the U.P. Gazetteer for the Etawah district.

After the fall of the kingdom of Kanauj, the Sengars under Bisukh Deo occupied the Eastern parganas of Etawah.[3] “Bisukh Deo was succeeded by Asajit, and he by Madan Deo; next came Ratahra Deo, and then Singi Deo. The last had two wives; the one a Chauhanin of Etawa, by whom had Marjad Deo, the ancestor of the Bhareh Rajas, and the other a Gaurni (Gaur lady) by whom he had six sons, from whom were descended the Sengar Rajas of Patti Nakkat, Puri Dhar, Ruru, the Rao of Kakaotu and the Rawat of Kursi.”[4] “At any rate, the Sengar occupation of the south-eastern part of the district may with approximate accuracy be dated in the early part of 12th century A.D., when, like the Chauhans, the clan drove out the Meos and took possession of the tract.”[5]

The community of the Sengar in the district of Jalaun, the contiguous portions of Gwalior and the neighboring tract of Etawah beyond the Jumna is a large one. In Etawah district alone, “the number about 7,201 persons” and “are probably the earliest Rajputs settlers in the district. Their stronghold is Bidhuna, and after that Auraiya.”[6]

[1] Compare Todd’s Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan, Vol. I.

[2] Kannar is now marked by a large deserted Khera about two miles from the Jumna, and not far from the present site of Jagamanpur in Jalaun. The Raja of Jagamanpur is the head of the Sengars and was once known as the Raja of Kanar-Khera. Kanar gave its name to a pargana in the time of Akbar.

  1. Vide U.P. Gazetteer Vol. XI. Page, 68, 1911 Edition

Cooke’s Tribes and Castes of N.W.P. Vol. IV Page, 312, 1896 Edition; also vide Census Report N.W.P. I App. 81, and Manual of Titles U.P., 1917, Edition. Page, 64.

[3] Vide Manual of Titles, Page, 64, 1917 Edition.

[4] Vide Gazetteer N.W.P. Vol. IV, Part, I (Agra Division) Page, 276, 1876 Edition.

[5] Vide U.P. Gazetteer Vol. XI, Page,69, 1911 Edition

[6] Vide U.P. Gazetteer Vol. XI, Page,68, 1911 Edition